Everything you need to know about the history of the Toronto Islands (PHOTOS)

Jun 15 2017, 6:50 pm

Spending a day at the Toronto Islands is one of the quintessential pleasures of summer in the city.

(It’s also one you might not get to enjoy this summer.)

From beautiful beaches to picturesque bike paths, an amusement park, open-air dining, exploring a haunted lighthouse, unparalleled views of the skyline, and the ability to partake in all sports under the sun, there’s something for everyone just 1.6 kilometres from the hustle of the city.

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Yes, lines for the ferry are a marathon – but worth it every time. And lest you believe Island madness is a recent phenomenon. People have been soaking in all 820 acres of their recreational bounty for longer than Canada has been a country.

In honour of their current closure, here are some of the most notable moments in the history of the Toronto Islands.

1809: Construction of the Gibraltar Point Lighthouse


Painting of the lighthouse at Gibraltar Point, 1817.

The Gibraltar Point Lighthouse, the oldest existing lighthouse of the Great Lakes and among the city’s oldest dwellings, has a story to match its landmark status. In 1815, the lighthouse’s keeper was murdered, a mysterious crime that has served as the basis for Toronto’s most famous ghost story. So yeah, you can add “phantom hunting” to the list of Island attractions.

1833: The first hotel opens

hanlan hotel

Hanlan Hotel, ca.1885-95

“The Retreat on the Peninsula” opened on the Islands, at that point still a peninsula extending from the mainland, almost two centuries ago – close to one century before the historic Royal York welcomed its first guests. The construction of at least four other hotels followed, none of which remain in operation today.

Ferry service begins

Chuckman’s Other Collection (Postcard)

1833 also saw the first ferry cross from the Toronto Harbour to the Islands. It was operated privately by Michael O’Connor to usher passengers from where York Street meets the mainland to his island hotel, called The Retreat. Two steamboats followed in 1850 and 1853, with departures every half hour. The Toronto Ferry Company turned ferry service to the island into a more commercial endeavour by introducing two double-decker paddle steamers in 1906 and 1910 with a capacity for almost 1,500 passengers each. Today’s fleet features 8 vessels, the largest of which carries only about a third of those from the early 1900s.

1852 and 1858: Storms create the Islands

hanlan's point

Before two storms created a channel, the Toronto Islands as we know them today were a peninsula connected to the mainland.

A storm in 1852 cut through the peninsula to temporarily form islands before the resulting channel was filled with sand and connection to the mainland restored. A more severe storm in 1858 permanently created an even bigger channel – 150 metres wide east of what is today Ward’s Island – that would remain until this day. Two hotels were sacrificed by the unruly weather in the process.

1880: The Royal Canadian Yacht Club relocates to the Island


The original Royal Canadian Yacht Club clubhouse.

Originally established in 1850, the prestigious Royal Canadian Yacht Club relocated to a stunning new island clubhouse in 1881. Unfortunately, it only survived for 23 years and was destroyed by fire in 1904. Today, four yacht clubs – the Harbour City Yacht Club, Island Yacht Club, Queen City Yacht Club and the Royal Canadian Yacht Club – call the Islands home.

1937: Airport construction begins

Toronto Billy Bishop Airport/PortsToronto

Two years after construction began, Port George VI Island Airport welcomed its first commercial flight. It served primarily as a training field for fighter and bomber pilots during the Second World War and saw a peak of over 200,000 annual passenger flights in the 1960s. That was followed by a decline that threatened the airport’s closure and close to 40 years of limbo surrounding its future. In 2010, Porter Airlines opened a new terminal at the airport, which was renamed Bishop Toronto City Airport one year prior. In 2012, 2.3 million passengers passed through its gates.

1947: City approves year-round residency


Residence on the Islands was restricted to the summer months before 1947.

A housing shortage on the mainland urged the city to approve year-round residency on the Islands, which were primarily home to summer cottage communities at the time (the first summer colony was established on Ward’s Island in 1899). That was followed by the opening of public schools, a nursery, yacht club, and a farm. There was even a milkman who delivered daily dairy. Around 300 homes are settled on the island today.

1967: Centreville Amusement Park opens 


Views from Centreville

With visitors flocking to the Islands in record numbers, the mid-60s saw a flurry of activity as part of a master plan to transform the land from cottage residences to recreational use. The pinnacle of that plan was the Centreville Amusement Park, which is home to all of the amenities of a world-class children’s amusement park – vintage carousel, ferris wheel, log flume, swing boat, tea cups, and a miniature train ride.

2017: The Great Flood


Extensive rainfall and historically high water levels this spring have wreaked havoc on the Islands, which are closed to the public as of writing. Centreville Amusement Park has missed its first opening date in half a century, ferry service remains cancelled, and there are carp spawning on Centre Island’s baseball diamond. Some reports even suggest the Islands will remain closed for the duration of the summer with over 40 per cent of Toronto Island Park currently underwater.

Lloyd BraunLloyd Braun

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