BC’s Ministry of Transportation has launched the province’s first congestion-based Variable Speed Limit System (VSLS) on Highway 1 between Abbotsford and Chilliwack.
Stretching 24 km between the Sumas River Bridge in Abbotsford and the Prest Road overpass in Chilliwack, the system lowers the speed limit to slow people down before they reach stop-and-go traffic.
The goal is to help reduce the number of collisions that can happen when drivers don’t notice vehicles are stopped on the highway ahead. The system also adjusts speed limits based on road and weather conditions.
The province said this particular stretch of highway was chosen because “it’s heavily travelled and has a high number of collisions.” According to the ministry’s figures, traffic on the Highway 1 corridor has grown steadily over the past six years, from an average of 45,500 vehicles per day in 2013 to 54,000 counted in 2019 (as counted just west of Vedder Road in Chilliwack).
What drivers can expect
The Highway 1 Fraser Valley corridor has two “gateway” Dynamic Messaging Signs (DMS), one for each direction of travel on the corridor. Together with static signs, these gateway DMS advise drivers they are entering a variable speed limit corridor. If a reduced speed limit is in effect along the corridor, gateway DMS can also post road-weather or traffic-related information.
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There are 23 variable speed limit segments along the corridor. Segments are spaced roughly every 2 km apart, depending on local site conditions. Each segment has two variable speed limit signs (one shoulder-mount and one overhead). Fourteen of these segments also have DMS to provide weather or traffic information to drivers.
How speed limits are set
There are multiple traffic and road-weather sensors installed along the corridor. Traffic sensors are installed approximately every 500 m to collect traffic data; meanwhile, multiple road-weather sensors measure driving conditions such as level of grip, visibility, temperature, and surface status. All this data feeds into the system’s algorithms, which then propose a speed limit.
An added feature of the Highway 1 Fraser Valley corridor is the speed smoothing function. Due to the closer spacing of variable speed limit signs along this corridor, the speed smoothing function helps to ensure differences between speed limits on adjacent signs are within acceptable limits (i.e., not drastically different).
The congestion-based system on Highway 1 is the last phase of a two-part project that began in 2019 with the installation of a road-weather system on Highway 3 between Hope and the Highway 3/5 junction (four signs).