As the old saying goes: “Don’t let the bed bugs bite,” but it may not be that easy for some Torontonians if a recent report is anything to go by.
In fact, Toronto placed first in the country for the Canadian city with the highest rate of these creepy, crawly, sneaky little bugs.
That’s nothing to worry about, though, right?
After all you keep your room clean, and you certainly don’t go shopping for your mattresses in back alleys.
So you couldn’t possibly have bed bugs right?
And the worst part is—it doesn’t even matter how clean your room is.
“It’s one of those thing where people don’t want to admit that it could be [bed bugs], but it has nothing to do with hygiene,” said Onsite Pest Control General Manager Steve Amery in a phone interview with Daily Hive.
“Most people are unaware that the largest demographic that we actually deal with is nurses and social workers, and that’s just because they come into contact with so many people.”
How to avoid bed bugs
According to Amery, the best way to prevent infestation is to throw all your clothes into the washer and dryer directly after returning from vacation, and to have a shower as soon as you get home. If you do that, your chance of transferring bed bugs into your house is pretty low.
He said the worst thing you can do is avoid acknowledging the problem, or attempt to self-treat the infestation.
“The stuff that you buy over the counter isn’t really that good; it’s designed for other insects with a thinner exoskeleton, so what [happens is] you’re actually applying sunscreen to them […] you’re building up the thickness of their skin, essentially,” Amery said.
Already getting the shivers? You’re not alone.
Bed bugs are kind of like ninja-vampire-bugs, with slim bodies that allow them to hide in crevices between furniture. They come out at night for blood and their bites may not even leave a mark, depending on the person.
How to know if you have bed bugs
The first step is realizing that you even have bed bugs, which is not always so easy.
Diego Bermudez, Operation and Sales Manager for Local Pest Control, offered some tips in an email to Daily Hive.
“Many people live with bed bugs without even knowing it,” he said. “Rarely you will be able to feel a bed bug bite, as their saliva has a natural painkiller that numbs the area. The clearest sign is the presence of a single bed bug, however that is often difficult as these pests hide so well.”
Bermudez said that the best way to find out if you have bugs is to look for the following signs:
- Tell Tale Bites: “Many people start getting bites, and although bites are not the always a sure sign of bed bugs, they should start the alarm bells that some little ‘bug’ is around. 70% of people don’t show signs of bed bug bites.”
- Skin or Feces: “Bed bugs often leave remnants. Small black specks on seams of the mattress, boxspring or bed frame of the bed may be their poop, and they will occasionally leave their exoskeletons.”
- Smell: “Very severe infestations may have a sweet and sour smell to them, almost like rotting raspberry.”
“If you suspect you might have bed bugs, the best way to go is to book an inspection, where a qualified technician will determine if you have them or not,” he said.
Sheree Swindle, a certified K9 Handler with Bed Bug Mutts, works with dogs that are trained to do just that.
“Knowing how to recognize them and spot the physical evidence they leave behind is the first line of defence,” she said in an email to Daily Hive. “Early detection is critical to shorten the remediation process and keep the costs down.”
What to do about them
If your fears are realized and you do have a few bugs in your bed, you shouldn’t hightail it out of there just yet.
Warrantied treatments are available, and are offered for one bedroom apartments at around $400. That number goes up to roughly $500 for a two bedroom—to cover the cost of additional chemicals.
However, one thing you should definitely avoid is trying to be thrifty when it comes to who you hire.
“Avoid anything from Craigslist; make sure you’re dealing with a licensed, insured, warrantied company,” Amery said.
Finding a company with accreditations from the Structural Pesticide Management Association is recommended to ensure that you don’t continue sharing your Toronto home—and blood—with these tiny, unwanted guests.