In the second instalment of our Election Countdown series, we break down Stephen Harper, Tom Mulcair and Justin Trudeau’s main policies on the environment. From lowering green house gasses emissions to pipelines, the party leaders are making a lot of promises.
Here are some key points from the Conservative, NDP and Liberal platforms on the environment:
Stephen Harper and the Conservatives promise to:
- Attend the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris
- Reduce carbon emissions 30% below 2005 levels by 2030
- Establish the Southern Strait of Georgia National Marine Conservation area between Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia
- Protect the sponge reefs off the coast of B.C.
- Work with the Pacific Salmon Foundation to restore estuaries in the Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island
- Complete the creation of Thaidene Nene National Park in Northwest Territories
- Create a Wildlife Conservation and Enhancement Program to improve the habitat for species harvested by hunters
- Preserve the lower Harrison River and its tributaries as a salmon “stronghold” by creating a salmon spawning habitat
- Support the Enbridge Northern Gateway, TransCanada Energy East, and KeyStone XL Pipelines
Read the full Conservative party platform here.
Tom Mulcair and the NDP promise to:
- Bring a clear plan of action to the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris
- Create national cap and trade system setting hard targets for the greenhouse gas emissions
- Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, compared to 1990 levels
- Introduce the Climate Change Accountability Act proposed by the NDP’s former leader Jack Layton – the bill would aim to make sure that Canada meets long-term targets for reducing greenhouse gasses
- Ensure the Crown consults Canada’s Indigenous peoples in the environmental assessment process
- Restore protection to the nation’s lakes and rivers by reversing changes made to the Navigable Waters Protection Act
- Restore habitat protection to the Fisheries Act
- Redirect $1 billion a year from fossil fuel subsidies to the clean energy sector
- Meet Canada’s G20 commitment to cut subsidies to non-renewable energy
- Introduce an Environmental Bill of Rights ensuring all Canadians have the right to a clean environment
- Update Canada’s national park’s system to expand parks where ecological protection is needed
- Oppose the Northern Gateway pipeline
- Oppose Keystone XL pipeline but may approve if there are overhauling environmental protection laws added to the project
- Supported Energy East pipeline at one point; Mulcair changed his mind and says the pipeline needs more environmental reviews
Read the full NDP party platform here.
Justin Trudeau and the Liberals promise to:
- Attend the Paris climate conference, and within 90 days formally meet to establish a pan-Canadian framework on climate change
- Work with provincial and territorial leaders to establish national emissions-reduction targets and ensure they have adequate funding to meet these commitments
- Establish a Low Carbon Economy Trust, which will provide funding to projects that materially reduce carbon emissions under the new pan-Canadian framework
- Fulfill the G20 commitment and phase out subsidies for the fossil fuel industry over the medium term
- Work in partnership with the United States and Mexico to develop a North American clean energy and environmental agreement.
- Invest $100 million more each year in clean technology producers, so that they can tackle Canada’s most pressing environmental challenges, and create more opportunities for Canadian workers
- Invest $200 million more each year to support innovation and the use of clean technologies in our natural resource sectors, including the forestry, fisheries, mining, energy, and agricultural sectors
- Restore lost protections and review the Fisheries Act
- Invest $25 million each year to develop the nation’s park system
- Establish a moratorium on crude oil tanker traffic in B.C.
- Oppose the Northern Gateway pipeline
- Support the KeyStone XL and Energy East pipeline projects
Read the full Liberal party platform here.