Riding the TTC, while often a grievance, should be a pretty straightforward procedure: step on the vehicle, keep your head down when someone talks to you, and vacate the vessel upon arrival at your stop.
But as a recent video of an altercation between two TTC passengers reveals, it takes just one literal misstep for the fabric of society to derail.
Which is probably why there are almost 100 bylaws in place to maintain a degree of civility on the TTC. Among these, as pertinent to the aforementioned situation, is that “no person shall place his or her foot or feet on a vehicle seat or lay thereon any object or substance that may soil it.” It begins with a fun glossary of definitions, just so everyone can understand what is meant by terms like “person,” “bicycle,” and “loiter” (it’s more complex than you think).
We’ve listed them all below for you to print and keep in your back pocket. But first, some of the more interesting ones:
1.1 In this by-law, unless the context otherwise requires:
a) words defined in the City of Toronto Act shall have the meaning assigned to them for the purposes of the City of Toronto Act;
b) “authorization” or “authorized” means the written permission from the TTC, received prior to the time the action is to occur;
c) “bicycle” includes a tricycle and unicycle but does not include a motor assisted bicycle;
d) “City of Toronto Act” means the City of Toronto Act, 2006, S.O. 2006, c. 11, Schedule A, as amended from time to time;
e) “conditions of use” means the information printed on fare media, an identification card, a photo identification card and an electronic fare card and includes but is not limited to information electronically stored or encoded on an electronic fare card;
f) “fare” means the amount to be paid for travel on the transit system as determined by the Commissioners of the TTC as amended from time to time;
g) “fare media” means any ticket, token, pass, transfer or other fare media issued by and acceptable to the TTC, and includes, without limitation, an electronic fare card, any single or multi ride ticket, a day pass, a family pass, a weekly pass, a monthly pass, a U pass, or any period pass.
h) “guide dog” shall have the same meaning as set out in Ontario Regulation 429/07 of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005, S.O. 2005, c. 11, as amended;
i) “loiter” means to linger without due cause and includes but is not limited to:
(i) idly spending time in or on TTC property without the express purpose of using the transit system;
(ii) lingering, sauntering or remaining in or on TTC property without due cause; and
(iii) failing to board the next available TTC vehicle, where possible, for the intended route;
j) “peak hours” means 6:30 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. and 3:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. local time, Monday through Friday, or any other times as determined by the TTC;
k) “person” includes an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, unincorporated association, unincorporated syndicate, unincorporated organization, trust, body corporate, and a natural person in the capacity of trustee, executor, administrator, or other legal representative;
l) “Proof-of-Payment route” means any transit route that has been designated by the TTC as a Proof-of-Payment route;
m) “proper authority” means:
(i) an employee or agent of the TTC wearing a TTC uniform;
(ii) an employee or agent of the TTC carrying an identification card issued by the TTC;
(iii) a TTC Special Constable; or
(iv) a municipal police officer;
n) “service animal” shall have the same meaning as set out in Ontario Regulation 429/07 of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005, S.O. 2005, c. 11, as amended;
o) “subway tracks” shall include rails or tracks in which subways trains or rapid transit trains operate on or over.
p) “transit system” means the transit system, or part thereof, operated by or on behalf of the TTC and includes but is not limited to rapid transit, subway, bus, streetcar and wheel-trans services;
q) “TTC property” means all lands, facilities, structures, stations and vehicles owned, leased, occupied or maintained by the TTC, but does not include a highway as defined in the City of Toronto Act;
r) “TTC Special Constable” means a person employed by the TTC and appointed as a Special Constable in accordance with the Police Services Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.15, as amended.
s) “TTC vehicle” means any motorized transportation equipment operated by or on behalf of the TTC and includes but is not limited to buses, streetcars, rapid transit trains, subway trains, light rail vehicles, wheel-trans vehicles and automobiles;
t) “wheel-trans” means the portion of the transit system providing specialized accessible transit service.
2. Requirement to Pay Fare – Conditions of Use
2.1 No person shall travel or attempt to travel on the transit system or enter a fare paid area, or attempt to enter a fare paid area without paying the appropriate fare:
a) Where the amount of the fare charged for passage on the transit system or entry to a fare paid area is disputed, the passenger shall pay the amount requested by a proper authority;
b) A passenger who refuses to pay the amount of fare requested by a proper authority shall be refused passage on the transit system or into the fare paid area.
2.2 No person shall, unless otherwise set out in the conditions of use:
a) in any way alter, change or recreate any fare media, other than an employee or agent of the TTC authorized to do so;
b) travel or attempt to travel on the transit system with fare media that has been altered, changed, recreated in any way by a person other than an employee or agent of the TTC authorized to do so;
c) in any way alter, change, recreate any identification card or photo identification card issued by or on behalf of the TTC, other than an employee or agent of the TTC authorized to do so;
d) travel or attempt to travel on the transit system with any identification card or photo identification card that has been altered, changed, recreated in any way by any person other than an employee or agent of the TTC authorized to do so.
2.3 Fare media shall be:
a) valid for the period as indicated on the fare media; and
b) valid in accordance with the conditions of use of the fare media and as set out in this by-law.
2.4 Any identification card or photo identification card issued by or on behalf of the TTC shall be:
a) valid for the period as indicated on the identification card or photo identification card; and
b) valid in accordance with the conditions of use of the identification card or photo identification card and as set out in this by-law.
2.5 Fare media, an identification card or a photo identification card issued by or on behalf of the TTC remains the property of the TTC and is subject to confiscation or cancellation, without refund, by a proper authority if the holder of the fare media, identification card or photo identification card:
a) causes damage to TTC property; or
b) fails to comply with the conditions of use of the fare media, identification card or photo identification.
2.6 When requested to do so by a proper authority, a person travelling on the transit system shall immediately surrender for inspection the fare media, an identification card or photo identification card under which the person is travelling.
2.7 Unless travelling on a Proof-of-Payment route, Section 2.6 does not apply to a person who has paid a fare using cash, ticket or token.
2.8 It is a term and condition of each fare media issued by the TTC or on behalf of the TTC and for every ride on the transit system that:
a) the TTC and its employees and agents are not liable to passengers for lost or stolen fare media;
b) the TTC and its employees and agents are not liable for delays or cancellations of any kind caused by any reason;
c) the TTC and its employees and agents shall have the right, whenever operating circumstances require it, to transfer a passenger from one vehicle to another vehicle; and
d) the TTC, its employees and agents are not responsible for loss of or damage to property of passengers carried onto the transit system.
2.9 Operators of a TTC vehicle are not permitted to sell fare media or make change. Subway collectors and other TTC employees selling fare media are not required to change bills of a higher denomination than $100.00 Canadian or $20.00 American. Any person refusing to tender a bill of $100.00 Canadian or less or of $20.00 American or less shall be deemed to be refusing to pay a fare and shall not be entitled entry into the transit system, a TTC vehicle, or any fare paid area.
2.10 No person paying a fare using cash, ticket or token, shall be entitled to more than one transfer.
2.11 No person paying a fare using a form of fare media not mentioned in Section 2.10 shall be entitled to a transfer.
2.12 No person shall use, or attempt to use a transfer unless the transfer has been issued to that person upon payment of a fare media in accordance with Section 2.10.
2.13 No person shall sell, exchange or give away a transfer unless otherwise authorized by the TTC.
2.14 No person shall sell or attempt to sell any form of fare media while on TTC property unless otherwise authorized by the TTC.
3. Conduct on Transit System
3.1 No person shall:
a) travel on the transit system with an animal during peak hours; or
b) travel on the transit system during non-peak hours with an animal unless the animal is:
i) on a leash and in the control of the person provided that the animal does not inconvenience or jeopardize the safety of other passengers or TTC employees; or
ii) in an enclosed container that remains secured at all times while on the transit system provided that the animal does not inconvenience or jeopardize the safety of other passengers or TTC employees.
3.2 Section 3.1 does not apply to prohibit a guide dog or service animal from accompanying any passenger with a disability provided that the guide dog or service animal remains under the control of the passenger at all times while on the transit system.
3.3 No person shall enter or leave TTC property except through a designated entrance or exit, as the case may be.
3.4 No person shall cross or enter upon any subway tracks on TTC property, unless instructed to do so by a proper authority or in the case of an emergency.
3.5 Every person shall remain a safe distance behind the platform edge or, if marked, the platform safety markings until it is safe to enter the TTC vehicle. For greater certainty, no person shall encroach, enter or cross an area beyond a platform edge or, if marked, the platform safety markings until such time as it is safe to enter the TTC vehicle or upon the direction of a proper authority.
3.6 No person shall operate a motor vehicle on TTC property except upon roadways, parking areas or any other areas designated for use by motor vehicles.
3.7 No person shall operate, park or store an unplated vehicle, save and except for a TTC vehicle, on TTC property.
3.8 No person shall roller-skate, in-line skate or skate-board in or on TTC property.
3.9 No person shall wear roller-skates or in-line skates while in or on TTC property.
3.10 No person shall operate a bicycle on TTC property except on the portion of the TTC property consisting of a roadway which is intended for public use for the purpose of arriving at or departing from TTC property.
3.11 No person, unless otherwise authorized, shall:
a) save and except as permitted in accordance with Section 3.10, bring or attempt to bring in or on TTC property a bicycle, skis, ski poles, a sleigh, a toboggan or other large object which may inconvenience other passengers or jeopardize the safety of other passengers or TTC employees:
(i) during peak hours; or
(ii) during an emergency as determined by a proper authority;
b) bring or attempt to bring a vehicle powered by an internal combustion engine into a TTC subway station.
3.12 Notwithstanding Section 3.11(a)(i):
a) a person may transport the bicycle on a bus at any time provided that the bus is equipped with a bicycle rack and the person properly secures the bicycle to the rack: and
b) a person may, without riding or pedalling, walk the bicycle while on TTC property to and from a bus at any time;
3.13 No person, unless otherwise authorized, shall do any act in contravention of instructions,
a) on any sign erected on TTC property;
b) on any painted markings on TTC property; or
c) of a proper authority who considers them necessary to,
(i) ensure orderly movement of persons;
(ii) prevent injury to persons;
(iii) prevent damage to TTC property;
(iv) make available a seat in the designated priority seating area to a person who is disabled or has a physical limitation requiring priority seating; or
(v) permit proper action in an emergency.
3.14 No person shall wilfully obstruct or interfere with a proper authority in the performance of his or her duties or the exercise of his or her rights, powers and privileges under this by-law.
3.15 No person shall knowingly provide any false information in any statement, whether in writing or otherwise to a TTC Transit Enforcement Officer or a peace officer investigating an offence under this by-law or any by-law of the TTC Special Constable.
3.16 No person shall:
(a) display, offer, distribute or place handbills, signs, notices or any form of written or printed matter on or in TTC property without authorization.
(b) shall sell or attempt to sell any merchandise, article or other thing or solicit members of the public for any purpose on TTC property without authorization.
(c) Subsections (a) and (b) do not apply to any person or corporation operating an undertaking, occupation or business on TTC property pursuant to an agreement with the TTC.
3.17 No person shall operate any camera, video recording device, movie camera or any similar device for commercial purposes upon the transit system without authorization.
3.18 Nothing in this by-law prohibits the posting of signs, official notices and information or the use of any camera, video recording device, movie camera or any similar device on TTC Property by the TTC or anyone authorized by the TTC.
3.19 No person shall:
(a) place his or her foot or feet on a vehicle seat or lay thereon any object or substance that may soil it; or
(b) lie down on a bench, seat or floor of any TTC property.
3.20 No person shall litter or deposit any household, industrial or commercial waste in or on TTC property, unless otherwise authorized.
3.21 All waste, litter and refuse, including recyclables, shall be placed in the proper containers for such purpose located on TTC property.
3.22 Every person while on TTC property shall wear shoes, boots, sandals or other similar footwear.
3.23 No person shall, without authorization, operate any radio, recording device, digital music or audio device, musical instrument, or similar device in or on TTC property unless the sound is conveyed to that person by an earphone at a sound level that does not disturb other passengers or TTC employees.
3.24 No person, unless otherwise authorized, shall loiter in or on TTC property.
3.25 No person shall cause a disturbance or act contrary to the public peace on TTC property, including but not limited to:
a) urinating, expectorating or defecating, except in facilities specifically intended for such actions;
b) using profane, insulting or obscene language or gestures;
c) behaving in an indecent or offensive manner;
d) shining any type of light at an operator of a TTC vehicle or any other passenger;
e) fighting; or
f) behaving in a manner which would interfere with the ordinary enjoyment of persons using the transit system.
3.26 No person shall place himself or herself in a position or perform an action likely to interfere with the operator of a TTC vehicle having proper control of the TTC vehicle or likely to obstruct the vision of the operator.
3.27 No person shall walk between the intercar doors of a rapid transit train or subway train unless otherwise authorized.
3.28 No person shall:
a) ride, hang or stand on any exterior portion of a vehicle; or
b) lean out of or project any part of his or her body through any window of a vehicle.
3.29 No person shall, without authorization, handle, interfere with or operate any part of the mechanical, electrical, electronic or safety equipment of a vehicle or any part of the transit system, except devices which are intended for passenger use, and then only in accordance with posted instructions.
3.30 No person, except in the case of an emergency, shall:
(a) hold or force a vehicle door open; or
(b) hinder or delay the closing of a vehicle door.
3.31 No person shall interfere with or activate a passenger assistance alarm device on TTC property without reasonable cause.
3.32 No person shall smoke in or on TTC property or carry a lighted cigar, cigarette, pipe, other tobacco product, or any other lighted smoking equipment or material while in or on TTC property.
3.33 No person, unless authorized, shall enter or remain on any TTC property that is in possession of:
(a) a firearm, air gun, air rifle, pellet gun, pellet rifle, gas charged gun, gas charged rifle, imitation firearm, an offensive weapon or a prohibited weapon; or
(b) explosives, pyrotechnical material, flammable material, offensive or toxic material, or any other dangerous thing, object or material.
3.34 A proper authority may refuse passage on the transit system to:
a) a person behaving or appearing to behave in a manner that would interfere with the ordinary enjoyment of persons using the transit system or that may result in harm to themselves or others.
b) a person whose conduct is or is likely to be objectionable to other passengers;
c) a person carrying hand luggage, a parcel or any object or thing that does inconvenience or is likely to inconvenience other passengers or TTC employees; or
d) a person who alters their identity through the use of a disguise intended to obscure or otherwise alter their appearance.
4. Penalties and Enforcement
4.1 Any person who contravenes any provision of this by-law may be removed from the transit system and TTC property and may have any fare media confiscated by the TTC.
4.2 Any person who contravenes any provision of this by-law is guilty of an offence and upon conviction is liable to a fine as provided for in the Provincial Offences Act.
4.3 The provisions of this by-law may be enforced by a proper authority as defined in this by-law.